Every August, Americans look back as the painful reminder of the anniversaries of the nuclear strikes on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. There is no question that the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were unjust, In fact, an estimate of nearly 200,000 people died from the US attacks.
Here are five real reasons why the US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Bombs Were Suggested to “Save” Lives
While the bombs are suggested only to save the lives of Americans, it actually saved more Japanese lives. It may have been true that there was numerous arguments between the U.S. leaders made a statement that if the atomic bomb was used s a tool, they would have been forced to invade Japan and ultimately kill more civilians that the attacks. Given the resistances that the US and allied forces faced, the campaign would have been far greater than the atomic bombing attacks.
The firebombing in March 1945 alone killed more than 120,000 Japanese. This means that the ground invasion would more than double the casualties to a greater extent. A scholar who examined the U.S. invasion plan states that there would be a significant estimate of losses of more than millions of Japanese casualties.
It Was Considered Necessary to Shorten the War
Another reason that supports the use of the bombs was its primary objective of ending the way right away. The bombs were released on August 6 and 9 and within twenty hours, Emperor Hirohito requested a halt of the war. The Emperor then made it official on August 14 that Japan would surrender.
As America celebrated victory over Japan, the military planners wanted to finish the Pacific war within the same year of the fall of Nazi Germany. According to George Marshall, the Army Chief of Staff stated that the democracy cannot fight a war for nearly seven years. During the summer of 1945, the US military was exhausted as many troops who bought the Nazi Third Reich to an end were then sent to the Pacific.
Many bomb supporters asked if it was reasonable to ask the soldiers for more sacrifice. Those soldiers with first-hand knowledge and experience had also expressed their conflicts about the bombs. One man named William Manchester wrote in his book Goodbye, Darkness: a Memoir of the Pacific War that lives that have been lost during the invasion left a staging number of American soldiers, but it was the lives of millions of Japanese – yet many thank God for the nuclear bombs.
It was also mentioned that Japan was given ample opportunity to surrender. In fact, after the Los Alamos test was proven successful, President Truman and allies had issued their final ultimate, known as the Potsdam Declaration on July 26.
Only the Bomb Convinced the Emperor to End the War
Through observation, after the two bombs were dropped and the Russians had declared war, Japan still refused to surrender. As the Japanese cabinet urged an emergency meeting on August 7, as authorities refused to admit that the Hiroshima bomb was atomic and declined to admit defeat.
Despite the drop of the first two bombs and Russia declaring war, Japan still barely surrendered. However, Emperor Hirohito expressed his determination to end the war while three military chiefs refused to admit defeat against the US.
In 1947, Emperor Hirohito agreed to accept the Potsdam Declaration and surrender with a recorded message to the Japanese people. In attempts to save face, the Japanese military wanted to rationalize that Japan as not defeated due strategic decisions but through science.
The Decide Was Made by the Committee
It was President Truman’s supporters’ decision to use the atomic bombs mentioned that the decision was supported by a committee of shared responsibility. The committee was founded in May 1945, with the primary task of advising the President regarding nuclear energy.
The panel stated that they saw no acceptable alternative to using direct military force. It was mentioned that the weapon should be utilized without warning as a dual target to military locations or war plants that were susceptible to the most damage.
The Nuclear Bomb was Retaliation for Barbarism
As the least civilized argument of the war, Americans considered that the atomic bomb was payback for their barbaric brutality. The Japanese military committed heinous crimes throughout Asia and the Pacific. They were said to have raped millions of women, forced women to become sex slaves, tortured and executed prisoners, murdered civilians and more.
Despite the previous apology given by US President Barack Obama, many Americans still believe the bombing were adjusted and still leaves our country with a heavy heart.