With the many controversies that still linger about the Civil War in America, we have forgotten the facts that are hardly seen in the US History textbooks. In fact, some relevant facts may even surprise you. As the battle lasted years and covered nearly large areas, it’s no wonder why all the details are hard to find in our history books.
Here are Six Common Misconceptions about the American Civil War.
The Glory Battle Wasn’t the First War for African Americans
The Glory Battle focuses on the Black American Military team that started in the North, which is formally called the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Structured in 1863, the unit become the first Kansas Black Volunteers to fight in the Confederate cavalry in the state of Missouri.
While the US Army refused to accept Black troops, nearly 250 soldiers were transferred to Bates County to break up the Confederate guerillas. While the unit was severely outnumbered, they took over a farm where it was renamed as Fort Africa. After 48 hours of fighting, the Confederates sent in the white flag.
The 1st Civil War Land Batter Wasn’t At Manassas
With the start of the Civil War on April 12, 1861, Fort Sumter was bombarded – leading most to believe that the first battle was in First Manassas, which is also called the “Bull Run.” But in June 1861, the soldiers of the Union caught soldiers of the Confederate in Virginia.
While this event had no fatalities, it did spark the historical movement in supporting from the US victory. J. E. Hanger, a soldier from the Confederate invented the world’s first realistic prosthesis and founded today’s Hanger Prosthetics and Orthotics.
The Civil War Wasn’t Just in American Territory
The Confederate privateers took to high seas as blockade runners become a challenge for the Union in the waters around Cuba, Bermuda, and the Bahamas. The raiders were powered by steamboats and sails as they took over US ships and kidnapped their crews.
When the USS Wachusett made the attack on the CSS Florida, this caused a world-wide incident. Another incident involved the USS Wyoming who chased after the CSS Alabama all over the entire East – as Wyoming also engaged with Japanese forces on the side.
In October 1964, the CSS Shenandoah patrolled the seas between Australia and Cape of Good Hope. The ship took over 21 US ships with eleven in just a matter of seven hours. They later surrendered in English in 1865.
Soldiers Only Battled Once a Month
With the lack of weather gear and dirt roads, armies planned the movements based on the weather and seasons of late spring until the beginning of fall. The last months caused soldiers to combat an average of one day out of the month. He spent the rest of his time marching and drilling. These conditions are almost guaranteed that soldiers had the strong chance of winning the war and even not seeing combat. While only a third of the deaths were related to combat, soldiers also died of disease.
The North Has Money Troubles
While most of us are more aware of the financial problems of the South, the North also had a hard struggle of trying to pay off the war. The Union wasn’t prepared to finance war as Lincoln’s election took a major shock on Wall Street. What made it worse was how Andrew Jackson stopped centralizing banking.
With the help of Salmon Chase, the Treasury Secretary, the war was straightened out although African American troops often went without pay.
Slave Owners Also Fought With the Union
A Cherokee slave owner named John Six-Killer serviced in the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteers, where he found and died in battle. As a slave owner, Six-Killer also brought many of his own slaves into battle as well. Many slave-owning families from Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri sent over 90 battle groups to fight in the Union. This is why Abraham Lincoln addressed only the slaves of the Confederacy in his Emancipation Proclamation.
Today, many of us think that the US presidents in the past were valuable marks in the battle. In fact, the CS and U.S. presidents were also actively present during the battles. Abraham Lincoln also paid a visit to Fort Stevens and attacked from the enemies. It was only a year later where Lincoln paid a visit to General Grant’s headquarters and took a seat on Jefferson Davis’ chair after he and his cabinet fled town.